Mobilization, Deployment, Training and Field Exercise Information Review
Story by: DEP MOB Staff
Ongoing readiness plays a vital role in today's Army. An understanding of the structure of the Army's mission is the first step in preparing Soldiers and their loved ones for separation.
The following information will begin by addressing several types of separation that are most commonly associated with today's military. These are: Mobilization, Deployment, Annual Training and Field-Training exercises.
Mobilization is the act of preparing for war or other emergency through assembling and organizing national resources. This process brings all or part of the Armed Forces to a state of readiness for war or other national emergency. This includes assembling and organizing personnel, supplies and material for active military service and federalization of Reserve Components. Mobilization requires the support of the Active Army, the Selected Reserve, the State Adjutant General and the State Area Commands (STARCs).
There are several levels of mobilization. Generally, the magnitude of the situation dictates the level of mobilization.
1. Selective mobilization—usually used in a domestic situation
2. Partial mobilization—augments active duty forces for a mission of up to 24 months
3. Full mobilization—requires passage by Congress and involves all Reserve Components
4. Total mobilization—expansion of the active duty forces and mobilization of all national resources
Mobilization for soldiers occurs in 5 phases:
Phase I. Preparation
Phase II. Alert
Phase III. Mobilization of unit
Phase IV. Movement of unit
Phase V. Operation readiness improvement
Mobilization is separation from Family and friends, and eventually leads to reunion. Mobilization means the Soldier and the Family must prepare their personal, legal, financial and other matters.
The next step for the Soldier after mobilization is deployment. Deployment is the assignment of military personnel to temporary, unaccompanied tours of duty. This is the actual sending of Soldiers somewhere by some means.
Like mobilization, deployment has 5 phases:
Phase I. Predeployment activities
Phase II. Movement to ports of embarkation
Phase III. Strategic lift
Phase IV. Reception at ports of debarkation
Phase V. Onward movement
It's important to understand deployment because:
-it's a stressful event
-it will place physical and emotional demands on the Soldier, spouse, and children.
Deployment means the soldier and the Family must prepare their personal, legal, financial and other matters.
Deployment is separation from Family and friends, and eventually, reunion.
Annual training is that time each year when Guard and Reserve personnel leave for tours of training duty in the United States and around the world.
Field-training Exercises (FTX) is common to the active Army, Reserve units and National Guard. Field-training exercises are conducted in a field environment, usually at a remote location. The exercises are conducted under simulation of actual combat operations for deployment.
When your Soldier announces, "I am going to the field," it means a field-training exercise.
Annual training and field-training exercises mean the Soldier and their Family must prepare their personal, legal, financial and other matters. Annual training and field-training exercises are important to understand because:
-they mean preparation
-they mean separation
-they mean reunion
Mobilization, deployment, field-training exercises and annual training require extensive planning by the military. The same commitment to planning is necessary for Family members and Soldiers to result in successful deployment.
Key factors to consider in preparing are:
-coping with separation
These key factors are the topics that are addressed in most of the Family Readiness material. As a point of reference, take the Readiness Inventory below as a short reality check. There are no right or wrong answers. This inventory will take about 5 minutes to complete. This is a Yes or No inventory designed to help you determine what you may or may not know about your own Family's readiness. If you are with your spouse, do not ask for hints or suggestions and when you are finished compare answers with your spouse or even during a Family Readiness Group meeting. Answer those questions that apply to you personally. Good luck!
01. _____ Do I have reputable childcare?
02. _____ Do I know if the immunizations for children and myself are up-to-date?
03. _____ Has an allotment been set up?
04. _____ Will the allotment cover monthly expenses?
05. _____ Do I (or does my spouse) know where our bank and account is located?
06. _____ Do I (or does my spouse) know all payments that must be made?
07. _____ Do we have a duplicate set of keys to the vehicle?
08. _____ Do we have car insurance budgeted monthly?
09. _____ Do we have a plan for emergency vehicle repairs?
10. _____ Do we have a plan for completing home repairs?
11. _____ Are all identification cards up-to-date?
12. _____ Do we have a power of attorney?
13. _____ Do we know what kind of power of attorney we have?
14. _____ Do we have wills?
15. _____ Do we have a backup plan for emergencies?
16. _____ Do we have someone to handle personal belongings?
17. _____ Do we have someone to take care of the pet?
18. _____ Do we have a current Family care plan if we are dual military?
The key to successful personal management of military readiness is planning and preparedness. We will focus on helping the Family and Soldier investigate, create and carry out a solid working plan.
Army Community Service
Deployment & Mobilization Family Readiness
7264 Normandy Drive
Fort Riley, Kansas 66442
785-239-9435 or 785-240-5449 DSN (856)